Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of the most widespread and noteworthy missions in the history of India which was introduced by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi and was launched on 2nd October 2014 to honor Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a clean Bharat. This campaign was run on a national level in all the towns, rural and urban areas.
The major objective of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to spread the consciousness of cleanliness and the importance of it. The perception of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to afford the basic sanitation facilities like toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness and safe and adequate drinking water supply to each and every person. The action plan is to be laid by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The apparition is to triple the facility of sanitation by 2019. The major change to be implemented of an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India.
Action Plan of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan targeted towards improving the percentage of toilets from 3% to 10% by 2019 through intensification in the construction of toilets from 14000 to 48000 daily; Launch of a National Level/State Level Media campaign through audio graphic, mobile and regional actions to communicate the message of mindfulness and moreover, participation by school children in these activities.
Swachh Bharat Mission in Urban ecosystems came under the Ministry of Urban Development and is commissioned to give sanitation and household toilet facilities in all statutory towns. It also drives to establish solid waste management facilities in every town. At the core of this mission lie six gears namely, Separate household toilets; Municipal toilets; Public toilets; Municipal Solid Waste Management; Information and Educating Communication (IEC) and Public Awareness along with Capacity Building.
Swachh Bharat Mission in Rural ecosystems known as Swachh Bharat Gramin, goals to make Village Panchayats open defecation free by October 2, 2019. Eradicating hindrances and addressing critical issues that affect results is the new push of this rural sanitation mission. It aims to provide all rural households with individual defecation slots; and build cluster and community toilets on public-private partnership approach. Schools in the villages are given special emphasis for basic sanitation amenities. Moreover, construction of Anganwadi toilets and management of solid and liquid waste in all Village Panchayats is also focused under this important mission.