Write a short note on second generation computers.

The second generation computers were characterized by transistors. A transistor is a solid state semiconductor device that revolutionized the electronic industry. Transistors were smaller, highly reliable, consumed less electricity and generated less heat. Also magnetic core memories were developed during this generation. These are tiny ferrite rings that can be magnetized in either clockwise or …

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What are the features of first generation computers?

Following are some of the important features of First generation computers: Used vacuum tubes to control and amplify electronic signals. Huge computers that occupied lot of space. High electricity consumption and high heat generation. Were unreliable since they were prone to frequent hardware failures. Commercial production was difficult. They were very costly and required constant …

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What is the meaning of Human Rights?

Human beings are born equal in dignity and rights. These are moral claims which are inalienable and inherent in all individuals by virtue of their humanity alone, irrespective of caste, colour, creed, and place of birth, sex, cultural difference or any other consideration. These claims are articulated and formulated in what is today known as …

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