How do archaeologists trace socio-economic differences in Harappan society? What are the differences that they notice?

The socio-economic differences in the Harappan society were traced on the basis of studying the burial systems and the luxuries possessed by different groups.

  1. In the Harappan society there was a general tradition that the dead people were buried in the pits. Some of the pits was also filled with pottery and other ornaments.
  2. The artefacts discovered from the Harappan site is divided into two categories. These two categories are utilitarian and luxuries. The utilitarian objects are used for daily chores and are made of stone and clay. On the other hand the luxury items are made from valuable materials like faience. Gold jewellery has also been discovered from several sites of Harappan.

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