Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was an Indian nationalist leader and a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement against British rule. Born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa, Bose was deeply influenced by Swami Vivekananda and his teachings. He joined the Indian National Congress and became its President in 1938 and 1939. However, he soon became disillusioned with the Congress’ nonviolent approach to independence and formed the Forward Bloc in 1939.
During World War II, Bose sought the help of Germany and Japan to support India’s independence struggle. He organized the Indian National Army (INA) with the help of the Japanese and led them in the failed Burma campaign against the British. Bose’s efforts to gain support from Axis powers led to controversies and divisions among Indian nationalists.
Bose’s mysterious death in a plane crash in August 1945 has been a subject of debate and controversy. Despite the controversies surrounding him, Subhas Chandra Bose remains a revered figure in Indian history and is remembered for his courage, patriotism, and commitment to the cause of Indian independence. His slogan “Jai Hind” (Victory to India) is still popular among Indians and is used as a patriotic salutation.