With the help of any four points, explain the crucial role of ‘Organising’ function in an enterprise.

The importance of organising can be described as follows:

(i) Benefits of Specialisation: In organising, the whole work is divided into manageable activities and systematic allocation of work is done. It increases productivity and the efficiency of workers. As a result, due to repetitive work, workers get experience in particular fields which leads to specialisation.

(ii) Adaptation to changes: It facilitates business enterprise to accommodate changes in the workload caused by business environment. In case of change, organisation paves the way for revision of relationships at organisational levels.

(iii) Clarity in working relationships: Authority and responsibility are clearly defined in such a way that every person knows as to who is reporting to whom and for what, etc.

(iv) Optimum utilisation of resources: Proper allocation of resources helps in avoiding overlapping of work and ensures optimum use of all human, physical and financial resources.

(v) Effective Administration: By clearly describing the jobs related duties, duplication of work and confusion can be avoided in the organisation. Thus, it ensures effective administration.

(vi) Development of the personnel: Delegation of authority reduces the work load of a manager and enables him to explore new areas of growth for his organisation. It enables the subordinates to effectively deal with the challenges and to realise their full potential.

(vii) Expansion and growth: Organising enables an enterprise to take up new challenges. For example, more job positions, departments, new product lines, new geographical territories, etc. to increase sales/ profits, market share and growth of the enterprise.

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