What is upward mobility?

“Upward mobility” refers to the ability of an individual or family to improve their economic status, often measured by income, education, or job position, over time. Factors influencing upward mobility include education, family background, social networks, individual determination, economic environment, and government policies, among others.

In discussions about social justice and economic equality, upward mobility is often cited as a metric for evaluating the health and fairness of a society. A society with high upward mobility is often seen as offering more opportunities and being more meritocratic, whereas low upward mobility can indicate entrenched inequalities and limited opportunities for advancement.

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