Environmental Science

Short Note on National Environment Awareness Campaign (NEAC)

National Nature Camping Programme (NNCP) also known as National Environment Awareness Campaign (NEAC) is an important campaign of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India. This campaign was initially organised in 1986, with the objective of creating environmental awareness at the national level and, since then, it has become an annual activity. …

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Short Note on Tehri Dam Movement

Another major controversy erupted around the Soviet aided Tehri Dam in 1972 situated in Garhwal Himalayas. The Tehri and Narmada movements evoked the conscience of people all over the world. The project was targeted on two Himalayan Rivers, Bhagirathi and Bhilangana. The larger plan aimed three storage reservoirs at Bhagirathi at Tehri, Kotli Bhel, a …

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Short Note on Silent Valley Movement

Silent Valley is moist evergreen tropical forest spread over 90 kilometers and situated in Palakkad district of Kerala. This densely forested valley is highly deep and peaceful. Environmentalists argue that the valley was one of the world’s richest biological and genetic heritages, one of the few remaining rainforests in India and home for over 900 …

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Short Note on Appiko Movement

The undulation effect of Chipko Movement was evident in the Uttar Kannada region of Karnataka (Uttara Kannada and Shimoga districts of Karnataka State) situated in the Western Ghats by starting Appiko Movement in 1983. The Appiko Movement was locally known as “Appiko Chaluvali”. It can be said that Appiko movement is the southern edition of …

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Short Note on Chipko Movement

Chipko means to ‘to hug’ or ‘to embrace’. The villagers formed a human chain and encircled earmarked trees to save them for being felled. This movement draws its inspiration from the Gandhian philosophy of non-violence and has become a full eco feminist-development movement. The movement started at Alkananda catchment area of mid-western Himalayas where the …

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