Environment and Natural Resources

Why have issues related to global environmental protection become the priority concern of states since the 1990s?

Since the 1990s, global environmental protection has risen to the forefront of international priorities for several interrelated reasons: 1. Scientific Consensus: By the 1990s, there was a broadening scientific consensus about the anthropogenic causes of climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), established in 1988, played a significant role in this by bringing…

What is meant by ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’? How could we implement the idea?

“Common but Differentiated Responsibilities” (CBDR) is a principle established within international environmental law, particularly within the context of addressing global environmental issues like climate change. The idea acknowledges that while all nations have a shared obligation to address environmental problems, they have different capacities and historical contributions to these problems, and thus, their responsibilities in…

What is meant by the global commons? How are they exploited and polluted?

“Global commons” refers to natural resources or areas that are not owned by any particular entity and lie outside the jurisdiction of any one nation, yet are shared and used by everyone. They are considered common goods and their accessibility and health have repercussions for the entire planet. Exploitation and pollution of the global commons…

What were the outcomes of the Rio Summit? 

The Rio Summit, formally known as the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from June 3 to 14, 1992. This summit was notable for its size, with over 170 governments attending, and the variety of its participants, including numerous NGOs and representatives from civil society. The…

What is India’s stand on environmental issues?

India’s stand on environmental issues is multifaceted, reflecting the nation’s complex social and economic landscape. While India is committed to environmental protection and sustainability, the country’s rapid industrialization and growth have posed significant challenges in balancing economic development with environmental stewardship. India has been an active participant in international environmental agreements and has taken various…

What are the environmental concerns in global politics?

Environmental concerns in global politics have been rising in prominence for several decades. As scientific evidence of environmental degradation and its impacts becomes more compelling, these concerns have steadily moved to the forefront of international discussions and negotiations. Here’s an overview of the primary environmental concerns in global politics: 1. Climate Change: The issue of…