To what extent were agricultural practices transformed in the period under consideration?

Some of the strategies used for increasing the agricultural production were:

  1. The practice of plough agriculture was adopted and the activities expanded to the valleys of Ganga and Kaveri.
  2. The iron-ploughshare was utiised for the purpose of making the alluvial soil more fertile.
  3. The technique of transplantation was used for increasing the production of the paddy.
  4. The people residing in the areas of the hills practiced hoe agriculture that increased the agricultural production drastically.
  5. Irrigation was widely improved by developing canals and constructing tanks and other water storage facilities.

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