State any four functions of ‘Secondary Market’.

Functions of Secondary Market:

(i) Providing Liquidity and Marketability to Existing Securities: The basic function of a stock exchange is the creation of a continuous market where securities are bought and sold. It gives investors the chance to disinvest and reinvest. This provides both liquidity and easy marketability to already existing securities in the market.

(ii) Pricing of Securities: Share prices on a stock exchange are determined by the forces of demand and supply. A stock exchange is a mechanism of constant valuation through which the prices of securities are determined. Such a valuation provides important instant information to both buyers and sellers in the market.

(iii) Safety of Transaction: The membership of a stock exchange is well regulated and its dealings are well-defined according to the existing legal framework. This ensures that the investing public gets a safe and fair deal on the market.

(iv) Contributes to Economic Growth: Through this process of disinvestment and reinvestment, savings get channelised into their most productive investment avenues. This leads to capital formation and economic growth.

(v) Spreading of Equity Cult: The stock exchange can play a vital role in ensuring wider share ownership by regulating new issues, better trading practices and taking effective steps in educating the public about investments.

(vi) Providing Scope for Speculation: The stock exchange provides sufficient scope within the provisions of law for speculative activity in a restricted and controlled manner. It is generally accepted that a certain degree of healthy speculation is necessary to ensure liquidity and price continuity in the stock market.

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