The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of India, adopted on 26th January 1950. It is the longest written constitution in the world, containing 448 articles and 12 schedules. The Constitution lays down the framework of the government and the fundamental rights and duties of citizens. It establishes India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, and republic nation. The Constitution of India also includes provisions for the separation of powers between the three branches of government – the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary – to ensure checks and balances. It guarantees fundamental rights to all citizens, such as the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, and the right to education. The Constitution has been amended over 100 times since its adoption, reflecting the changing needs and aspirations of Indian society. Overall, the Indian Constitution is a vital document that plays a crucial role in maintaining India’s democratic and secular character.