How did Bhagat Singh’s methods differ from those of other leaders like Mahatma Gandhi?

Bhagat Singh and Mahatma Gandhi were two prominent leaders in the Indian independence movement, but they had different methods and ideologies when it came to achieving their goals. Here are some key differences in their approaches:

1. Approach to Independence

Bhagat Singh believed in achieving independence through armed struggle and direct action against the British government. He advocated for violent means to overthrow colonial rule.

Mahatma Gandhi, on the other hand, was a proponent of non-violence and civil disobedience. He believed in achieving independence through peaceful protests, boycotts, and non-cooperation with the British.

2. Use of Violence

Bhagat Singh was involved in acts of violence, such as the bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly and the killing of British police officer James A. Saunders.

Gandhi, in contrast, strictly adhered to non-violence and urged his followers to do the same. He believed in the power of peaceful resistance.

3. Philosophy and Ideology

Bhagat Singh was influenced by socialist and revolutionary ideologies. He aimed to create a society free from exploitation and inequality.

Gandhi’s philosophy was rooted in truth (Satyagraha) and non-violence (Ahimsa). He sought to change the hearts and minds of both Indians and the British through peaceful means.

4. Target Audience

Bhagat Singh’s actions were more directed towards the British government and their oppressive policies. He believed in striking at the heart of the colonial administration.

Gandhi’s methods were often focused on appealing to the moral conscience of the British public and gaining international sympathy for the Indian cause.

5. Timing and Impact

Bhagat Singh’s actions, though heroic, did not lead to immediate independence. However, they did inspire many young Indians to join the struggle for freedom.

Gandhi’s non-violent approach played a significant role in India gaining independence in 1947, and his methods continue to be celebrated for their role in achieving that goal.


In conclusion, while Bhagat Singh and Mahatma Gandhi were both important figures in the Indian independence movement, they had fundamentally different approaches to achieving freedom, with Bhagat Singh advocating for armed resistance and Gandhi advocating for non-violence and civil disobedience.

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