The three geographical factors which influence the distribution of the population in the world are as follows:
1. Availability of water: It is the most important factor of life. People prefer to live in areas where fresh water is readily available. That’s why places near river valleys are densely populated.
2. Land forms: People prefer to live in plains and gentle slopes as these are favorable for the production of crops and industrial industries.
3. Climate: People prefer living in areas that have moderate climatic conditions. These areas do not have heavy rainfall and harsh climate hence support high population.
4. Soils: Fertile soils are important for agricultural and allied activities. Therefore, areas which have fertile loamy soils, have more people living on them as they can support intensive agriculture.