Economic factors that influence the distribution of population in the world are:
- Minerals: Areas rich in mineral deposits result in better employment opportunities and hence have higher population concentration. Industrial towns are found to develop near mining centres. They favour high density of population. For e.g., Durgapur and Jamshedpur.
- Urbanisation: Urban settlements offer better standard of living, medical facilities, well developed transport networks and better employment opportunities, etc. These facilities encourage rural to urban migration resulting in high density of population in the mega cities of the world.
- Industrialisation: Industrial belts offer scope of various types of employment opportunities and attract large scale migration. This includes factory workers, bank employers, shopkeepers, etc.
Cultural factors that influence the distribution of population in the world:
- Places having religious and cultural significance attract more people e.g., Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura.
- In some countries, favourable government policies and incentives peaceful atmosphere and other facilities result in high population densities.