The Shastras said that only Kshatriyas can become the King. The main functions of this class was to engage in the warfare and look after the administration of the Empire. However there were several dynasties who had different lineages:
- The Mauryans were of low caste according to many Brahamanical texts.
- The rulers of the Shungas and Kanvas were Brahmans.
- The Shakas came from the Central Asia and were addressed as the outsiders and barbarians by the Brahamans.
- Many of the rulers of the Satavahana dynasty were Brahamanas.