Discuss the main ideologies of Jainism.

The main ideology of Jainism is that they consider the entire world as animated, they consider that even the non-living things like stone or water have life. The Jain philosophy promotes the idea of non-injury to living beings especially human beings, animals, plants, insects, etc. They also propagate the idea of ahimsa i.e. non violence. They are completely against acts of violence. They believe that the cycle of the birth and rebirth of an individual is based on his karma. They emphasised practising asceticism and penance to free oneself from the cycle of karma. They also believed that to achieve salvation, it is important to adopt monastic traditions.

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