The archaeologists reconstruct the past through several methods:
- They perform excavations at different sites and gather the artefacts obtained from those sites.
- The artefacts are properly studied by the archaeologist which help them in understanding about the customs and traditions of the people inhabiting the site of excavation.
- The discovery of potteries, seals, construction materials, burial sites and other artefacts provides a great deal of information about the social and cultural history of the civilizations.
- Apart from this the discovery of the skulls, bones and teeth of the human beings helped in understanding about the physiology of the humans.