What are the characteristics of Guidance?

Guidance covers the whole process of education which starts from the birth of the child. The aim is to help the individual to adjust to the environment. Guidance is a process or service to help the individual to attain his full maturity and be of service to society. It is also regarded as an instrument which helps in the realisation of general goal of education.

Following are some of the characteristics of Guidance:

1. As a Process

Guidance does not occupy independent place. The chief aim of this process is to assist in the development of an individual keeping in view the social needs.

2. A Continuous Process

Guidance is a process. Here, it is important to point out that the process of guidance never ceases. It remains dynamic. In this process, an individual understands himself, learns to use maximum his own capacities, interests and other abilities.

He continues his struggle for adjustment in different situations he develops his capacity of decision-making. Hence, we see that it is a non-stop process.

3. Related with Life

The process of guidance is related to life. This guidance contributes formally or informally to life because life experiences both formal and informal occasions.

A person gets informal guidance from his friends and relatives while formal guidance is sought from organised school guidance services and other organised guidance services.

4. Development of Capacities

During the process of guidance the individual is assisted in such a way that he makes himself enabled to develop his capacities maximum from all angles.

Hence, guidance stresses the complete development of possibilities present in an individual. An individual becomes familiar with his real image. Hence, guidance is helpful in self-realization.

5. Individual Assistance

Guidance is accepted as individualized help. Through guidance an individual’s personal development is provided a direction and not to a group. Hence, it is process of individualized assistance.

6. Task of Trained Persons

Providing guidance is not the function of all persons because various techniques and skills are to be used in it. Everybody does not possess the knowledge of the same. For this task, trained persons psychologists and counselors are required. Hence, guidance is a skill-involved process.

7. Wide Scope of Guidance

The scope of guidance is too wide. Any needy person can be guided. This can include the persons of different age, different interests, various characteristics and persons of different nature. Hence, we cannot draw boundaries around the process of guidance.

8. Helpful in Adjustment

Guidance helps the person in his adjustment in different situations. This process allows learning to adjust with different types of problems. In this way, the main characteristic of the nature of the guidance is to provide new energy to the demoralized person by adjusting himself in the problematic situation through the process of guidance.

9. Helpful in Developing the Ability of Self-Guidance

The nature of guidance also includes the characteristic of developing self-guidance is a person with the help of guidance process. This enables him in achieving self-dependence by searching out the solution of problems of life.

10. No Imposition of One’s View Point

It is also the main characteristic of guidance not to impose one’s view point on others. It depends upon the wish of an individual how he acquires benefit by accepting the decision of the guidance worker.
If he wishes, he may deny accepting such decisions of the guidance workers. Hence, it is not a process of imposing the decisions.

11. Helpful in Preparing for Future

The process of guidance is helpful in preparing a person for his future. Hence, a person can succeed in preparing himself for future activities. In this way, guidance is a well-wisher of an individual’s future.

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