Job analysis is a scientific approach for providing vocational guidance. It brings efficiency in functioning of human being. The following are the main advantages and uses of job analysis.
1. Manpower Planning
Job analysis is the qualitative aspect of manpower requirement because it determines the demands of the job in terms of responsibilities and duties and then translates these demands in terms of skills, qualities and other human attributes. It also determines the quantum of work, which an average person can perform on the job in a day. It facilitates the division of work into different job.
2. Recruitment, Selection and Placement
In order to hire a right person on the job, it is essential to know requirements of the job and the qualities of the individual who will perform it. This information is procured from job description and job specifications respectively and helps the management in matching as closely as possible the job requirements with worker’s aptitude, abilities, interests, etc, to facilitate the execution of employment programme.
3. Training And Development
Job analysis determines the levels of standard of job performance. It helps administering the training development programme. If the contents of job descriptions, and job specification are known to the employees, they will try their level best to achieve the skills, and knowledge required to perform the task assigned to them efficiently. They may also prepare themselves for the higher post.
4. Job Evaluation
Job analysis provides a basis for job evaluation. Job evaluation aims at determining the relative worth of the job, which in turn helps in determining the compensation of job.
5. Performance Appraisal
Job analysis data provide a clear cut standard of performance for every job. The performance of employee can be appraised objectively with the standard of job performance so established. A supervisor can very easily compare the contribution of each man with the set standards.
6. Job Designing
Industrial engineers use the job analysis information in designing the job by making the comprehensive study of the job elements. Human engineering activities such as physical, mental and psychological are studied with the help of job analysis information.
7. Safety and Health
The job analysis uncovers the hazardous and unhealthy environment factors such as heat, noise, fumes, dust etc. The management can take corrective measures to minimize the chances of various risks to ensure safety to workers and to avoid unhealthy condition.
Job analysis provides the information regarding characteristics of various jobs, and the job holders. It studies the failure of the workman to meet the required standard of performance. Corrective measures may be taken in time to avoid untoward situation. In this way, it helps in maintaining the discipline in industry.