The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, was a tragic incident that occurred on April 13, 1919, in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India, during the British colonial rule. British troops, under the command of General Reginald Dyer, fired on a peaceful gathering of thousands of unarmed civilians who had gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh public garden to protest against the arrest and deportation of two national leaders.
The soldiers fired without warning or provocation, killing and injuring hundreds of people, including women and children. The horrific incident sparked widespread outrage and condemnation across India and around the world, and it is widely considered as one of the darkest moments in Indian history.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre led to a surge in anti-British sentiment in India and played a significant role in the Indian independence movement. The Indian National Congress declared a nationwide strike in protest, and Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement against British rule, which had a significant impact on the freedom struggle. The incident is remembered as a tragic reminder of the brutal and oppressive nature of British colonial rule in India.