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- India became a Union of States because it consisted of both British-ruled territories as well as many princely states. Some sub-political units of India have a special status.
- French and Portuguese-ruled territories were given the status of Union territory.
- Jammu & Kashmir joined India on a special condition.
- Some units were too small to become independent states. They were made Union Territories.
- States in the north-east have been given a special status as they have a large tribal population with a distinct history and culture.