What was the role of Bhagat Singh in the freedom struggle?

Bhagat Singh was a prominent freedom fighter in the Indian independence movement against British rule. Born in September 1907, he grew up in a time when India was grappling with British colonial oppression.

From a young age, he was deeply influenced by the nationalist movement, and he eventually became one of its most radical leaders. He strongly believed in revolutionary ideologies and was determined to see India free from British rule. Here are some key points regarding his role in the freedom struggle:

1. Formation of Naujawan Bharat Sabha: Bhagat Singh founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, a youth organisation aimed at mobilising young men and women to fight for India’s freedom through non-violent means initially but later they adopted more revolutionary methods.

2. Protest against the Simon Commission: In 1928, he protested against the Simon Commission, which was set up by the British government to report on the political situation in India but had no Indian members. Bhagat Singh and his associates demonstrated against the commission, advocating for a boycott.

3. Lahore Conspiracy Case: Bhagat Singh was involved in the Lahore conspiracy case where he and his associates were charged with the murder of John Saunders, a British police officer. This was done to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who died due to injuries inflicted by the police.

4. Bombing in Central Legislative Assembly: In 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt, threw bombs onto the corridors of the assembly to protest against the oppressive laws implemented by the British. The bombs were not meant to kill but to gain attention for their cause. After the bombing, they stayed at the spot and shouted slogans like “Inquilab Zindabad” which means “Long live the revolution”.

5. Fast in Jail: While in jail, Bhagat Singh and other prisoners went on a hunger strike to protest against the inhumane conditions they were kept in and to fight for the rights of political prisoners. This fast lasted for a significant period, bringing attention to their cause nationally and internationally.

6. Philosophy and Writings: Bhagat Singh was also a thinker and a writer. He wrote extensively on the subjects of socialism, the problems faced by the youth, and India’s independence. His writings were well-received and inspired many young people to join the freedom struggle.

7. Martyrdom: At the young age of 23, Bhagat Singh was executed by the British rulers on March 23, 1931, alongside Rajguru and Sukhdev, which marked the end of a very vibrant and passionately patriotic life. His death inspired a new wave of youth to join the freedom struggle, evoking a sense of nationalism and urgency to fight against the colonial rulers.

Bhagat Singh remains a symbol of valour, courage, and the spirit of freedom, inspiring generations with his revolutionary ideologies and supreme sacrifice.

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