The foundation of a stable Indian cement industry was laid in 1914 when the Indian Cement Company Ltd. manufactured cement at Porbundar in Gujarat. There are 148 large cement units and 365 mini- cement plants with a total installed capacity of 230 million tonnes and actual production of nearly 200. 7 million tonnes (for the year 2009-10). Over two lakh persons are employed in the industry. India is the seventh largest cement producer in the world, the first six being Russia, Japan, USA, Italy, West Germany and France.