In management literature, large number of definitions of the term “management’ exist as covered by different experts from time to time. Some of the popular definitions of management are; According to Dalton E. McFarlL and ‘Management is that process by which managers create, direct, maintain and operate purposive organization through systematic, co- ordinated and co-operative human effort.”
Harold koontz defined management as “The art of getting things done through others, and with people in formally organized groups. It is the art of creating and environment in which people can perform as individuals, and yet co-operate towards attainment of group goals.”
In the words of George Terry, “Management is a distinct process performed to determine and accomplish stated objectives by the use of human beings and other resources.”
Henry Fayol, the pioneer of Administrative Management viewed management as a process consisting of five functions which every manager performs, “To manage is to forecast and plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate, and to control.” Though modern authors do not consider co-ordination as a separate function of management, but the essence of managing.