URL’s, or ‘uniform resource locators’, are the web browser addresses of internet pages and files. It is the way to locate a file or document on the Internet. The URL specifies the address of a file and every file on the Internet has a unique address. It works with IP addresses to give a name, location to web pages. Web software, such as your browser, use the URL to retrieve a file from the computer on which it resides.
Every URL has three parts to address a page or file:
- Protocol which ends with a ‘//:’
- Host computer which ends with web extensions such as .com,.org etc.
- Filename or page name which displays the related information.
The above URL consist of:
- Protocol: http
- Host computer name: www
- Domain name: abcbank
- Domain type: com
- Path: /login
- File name: password.html