Just like the nature of values, it is not possible to say anything definitively about the type of values, but after studying the views of various scholars, depending on the nature of the values, can be explained in the following ways:
Types of Values
1. Social Values (Ethos)
Social values are the values those which are determined by the society, which are necessary to be complied by every person living in that society. When a person does not comply with these values, the society also instructs that person to comply. These social values are dynamic in which some new values are added from time to time, then society leaves some archaic values. In general terms, they can also be called ethos.
2. Personal Values
Personal values refers to those values that are applicable for a particular person, its determination and compliance both of which depends on that particular individual. The nature of these values is also dynamic and changeable. Individual or personal values are neither be determined nor be complied by the society. These are completely subjective such as whether to believe or not to believe an ideology depends on the values of a particular person.
3. Constitutional Values
Constitutional values are those values which are determined by the governance or constitution of a country which reflect the values and ideals of that country or society. It is mandatory for every person of that country or society to comply with these values. Here, if we talk about the values inherent in the Indian Constitution, then the values in these are Secularism, Socialism, Democracy, Equality etc.
4. Spiritual Values
Spiritual Values are those values which are necessary for a person’s self-promotion, which the person complies for developing mental peace, will-power, tolerance, positive thinking and restrained behavior. The nature of spiritual values is determined by the individual for himself.
5. Moral Values
There is a determined set of ethics for each person, the rules described in these ethics are called moral values. A person is not obliged to follow these values, but these values should be complied by him is necessarily preferred. Moral values are also accepted by the society. Apart from these, there can also be other types of values such as biological values, classical values, intrinsic values, external value, human values etc. Their types keep on decreasing and increasing because their nature is dynamic.