The Age of Industrialisation

Why Were Merchants From Towns in Europe Began to Move Countryside in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries?

During the 17th and 18th centuries, the world trade and the colonies expanded which increased the demands of goods. The merchants were not able to cope up within towns because of the powerful urban crafts and trade guilds and therefore they moved to the countryside to persuade the peasants and artisans to produce for the …

Why Were Merchants From Towns in Europe Began to Move Countryside in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries? Read More »

Describe Any Three Major Problems Faced by Indian Weavers in Nineteenth Century.

The three problems faced by the Indian cotton weavers: Their export market collapsed and the local market shrunk. Indian market flooded with Manchester imports. Thus the Indian weavers could not compete with the mill-made products as they were much cheaper and also they were not getting supply ofgood quality raw cotton.

How Did the Seasonality of Employment Affect the Lives of Indian Workers During 18th Century? Explain.

Gas work and breweries industries had seasonal demand of labour in the cold months. Likewise the book binders and the printers needed labour before December as they had to cater to the demand before the Christmas. The ships were also cleaned and repaired during the winter season. Due to the fluctuation of production with the …

How Did the Seasonality of Employment Affect the Lives of Indian Workers During 18th Century? Explain. Read More »

Where Were Guilds? How Did They Make It Difficult for New Merchants to Set Business in Towns of England? Explain.

Urban crafts and trade guilds were associations of producers who trained the craftspeople, controlled the production and regulated the price and competition. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the world trade and the colonies expanded which increased the demands of goods. The merchants were not able to sustain within towns because of the powerful urban …

Where Were Guilds? How Did They Make It Difficult for New Merchants to Set Business in Towns of England? Explain. Read More »

Why Was It Difficult for East India Company to Produce Regular Supplies of Goods for Export in the Beginning? Explain.

Due to the following reasons the East India Company was facing difficulty to produce regular supplies of goods for export in the beginning: There were number of trading companies in India such as French, Dutch and Portuguese who were competing for the woven cloth from the Indian weavers and merchants. Due to the heavy competition …

Why Was It Difficult for East India Company to Produce Regular Supplies of Goods for Export in the Beginning? Explain. Read More »

How Did Industries Develop in India in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century? Explain.

Dwarkanath Tagore in Bengal, Parsis like Dinshaw Petit, Jamsetjee Nusserwanjee Tata in Bombay and Seth Hukumchand, and a Marwari businessman set up first Indian jute mill in Calcutta. These early entrepreneurs had accumulated wealth from the trade with China, the merchants of Madras from trade with Burma and the others from the trade with the …

How Did Industries Develop in India in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century? Explain. Read More »

“In Eighteenth Century Europe, the Peasants and Artisans in the Countryside Readily Agreed to Work for the Merchants.” Explain Any Three Reasons.

In eighteenth century Europe, the poor peasants and artisans eagerly agreed to take the advance offered by the merchants and were willing to produce goods for them. Due to the following reasons: 1. During this time in the countryside the open fields were disappearing and commons were being enclosed. The cottagers and peasants were looking …

“In Eighteenth Century Europe, the Peasants and Artisans in the Countryside Readily Agreed to Work for the Merchants.” Explain Any Three Reasons. Read More »