History

Trace out the growth of Buddhism. Explain the main teachings of Buddha.

Buddhism grew rapidly both during the lifetime of the Buddha and after his death. It appealed to many people dissatisfied with existing religious practices and confused by the rapid social changes taking place around them. The importance attached to conduct and values rather than claims of superiority based on birth, the emphasis placed on metta …

Trace out the growth of Buddhism. Explain the main teachings of Buddha. Read More »

How did Sutta-Pitaka reconstruct the philosophy of Buddhism ? Mention about Buddhist Tipitaka.

Buddha’s teachings have been reconstructed from stories found mainly in the Sutta Pitaka. These stories describe his miraculous powers and reason rather than display of supernatural power. The world is transient and constantly changing; it is also soulless as there is nothing permanent. Sorrow is intrinsic to human existence. It is by following the path …

How did Sutta-Pitaka reconstruct the philosophy of Buddhism ? Mention about Buddhist Tipitaka. Read More »

How was the fate of Amaravati stupa different from the Sanchi stupa ? Explain.

Amaravati Stupa was grand in architecture but Amaravati has been invaded by many dynasties and after the decline of Mauryas it was vandalised and was in ruins. Sanchi Stupa was renovated a number of times and was well looked after by the Nawabs especially Shah Jehan Begum. Amaravati was discovered before scholars understood the value …

How was the fate of Amaravati stupa different from the Sanchi stupa ? Explain. Read More »

“Buddha laid stress on right conduct and values.” Explain his technique on life.

According to Buddha, the world is transient (anicca) and constantly changing. It is also soulless (anatta) as there is nothing permanent or eternal in it. Within this transient world sorrow (dukkha) is intrinsic to human existence. The path of moderation between severe penance and self indulgence that human beings can rise above these worldly troubles. …

“Buddha laid stress on right conduct and values.” Explain his technique on life. Read More »

Why were the Europeans during the nineteenth century interested in the Stupas ? Give two reasons.

The European interested in Stupas: Nineteenth-century Europeans like the French and English sought Shahjehan Begum’s permission to take away the eastern gateway, which was the best preserved, to be displayed in museums in France and England. Cunningham look drawings of the place deciphered the inscription and bored shafts down these domes. According to the letter …

Why were the Europeans during the nineteenth century interested in the Stupas ? Give two reasons. Read More »

Trace out how stupas were built. Explain why the stupa at Sanchi survived, but not at Amravati.

Stupas were regarded as sacred as it contained relics of the Buddha such as his bodily remains or objects used by him were buried there. According to a Buddhist text, the Ashoka Vadana, Ashoka distributed portions of the Buddha’s relics to every important town and ordered the construction of stupas over them. By the second …

Trace out how stupas were built. Explain why the stupa at Sanchi survived, but not at Amravati. Read More »