Class 12

Why did the archaeologists study the burial patterns of the civilisations? What are some of the features of the burials in Harappan civilisation?

Burials are an important aspect to study and to analyse the social and economic differences among the people of different cultures inhabiting the civilisation. Some of the features of the Harappan burials were: In Harappan civilisation the dead people were generally laid in pits. However, there was variation in the type of pits used for …

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Discuss the system of political power in the Harappan society?

There are several theories concerning the type of political administration in the Harappan civilisation: Some archaeologists have labelled Mohenjodaro as a palace and a stone statue was labelled as a priest-king. The city would have served as the centre of political power. According to some archaeologists, Harappan society had no rulers and everybody used to …

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Discuss the trading relationship of the Harappan people with different civilisations of the world?

There are traces and evidence about the trading relationship of the Harappan people with different civilisations of the world. There are evidence that suggests that copper in the Harappan civilisation was brought from Oman. Chemical analyse have shown that both the Omani copper and the Harappan artefacts have traces of nickel suggesting common origin. There …

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“Harappan script is considered as an enigmatic script.” Justify the statement with suitable arguments.

Harappan script is considered as an Enigmatic script: Harappan seals usually have a line of writing, probably containing the name and title of the owner. Most inscriptions are short, the longest containing about 26 signs. Although the script remains undeciphered to date, it was evidently not alphabetical (where each sign stands for a vowel or …

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What are some of the common subsistence strategies in both the Early Harappan and the Mature Harappan culture?

Some of the common subsistence strategies in both cultures are: The people of both cultures ate a different variety of plants and animals, including aquatic species like fish. The discovery of charred grains and seeds depicts that a wide range of dietary practices was prevalent. Grains such as wheat, barley, chickpeas, lentils have been discovered …

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“Archaeologists have used evidence from material remains to piece together parts of Harappan history.” Justify the statement with reference to the principles of classification.

One simple principle of classification is in terms of material, such as stone, clay, metal, bone, ivory, etc. The second and more complicated, is in terms of function: archaeologists have to decide whether for instance an artefact is a tool or an ornament or both or something meant for ritual use. Archaeologists also try to …

“Archaeologists have used evidence from material remains to piece together parts of Harappan history.” Justify the statement with reference to the principles of classification. Read More »