Short Note on Modern Concept of Human Rights

In the contemporary world, human rights are directly traced to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and subsequent treatise they are mainly thought of as being political in nature as these rights are directed to the states and it is the state’s responsibility to ensure its effectiveness. Therefore, human rights are primarily not interpersonal rights.

According to Professor Alan Gewrith, Human rights arise not from the general good, but from the conditions of human agency and the logical structure of reasons. He argued that, since all normal human beings engage in a self-conscious action in a way where his/her existence is successfully protected. This leads to the universal acceptance of certain rights which may be termed as human rights.

James Griffin saw human rights as the rights given in consistence with the prevailing senses with the objective of universal good and functioning of human autonomy.

According to John Rawls, all moral beliefs are inferential and such beliefs would be broadly accepted only when it is in reflective equilibrium. It means that society functions as a system of cooperation which is rational, reasonable, and free and equal – which rearranges itself to conceptualize social justice and in a way to assure human rights.

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