Values are the ethics accepted by the society and the written or unwritten morals determined by the individual himself, which governs the life of the person, but here it is also to be considered that it is difficult to say something definitive about the universal definition of values because values are always dynamic in nature, still we can describe the concept of the nature of values in following ways:
Nature of Values
1. Guide for the Conduct of a Person
Values act as a guide for a person’s life. Many such situations come in life where a person is in a dilemma of what to do? what not to do? In this anxious situation, values help a person to take social and unanimous decision. Here, values act as a guide in a person’s life.
2. Standard for Social Behavior
Values act as a criterion for social behavior, in which values are helpful in determining these subjects such as what should be done by the individual himself? What can’t be done? Valueless societies or individuals always remain confused because these values keep the society controlled and restrained. Therefore, the pursuit of values is essential for building a civilized society. In the context of this work, values are reflected as a standard of social behavior, but the values are dynamic in nature because it varies according to the nature of social context, the values of the society change as per the changes of context of the society.
3. Developed by Imitation and Assimilation
Value are not ancestral property, but these are earned heritage which are assembled and preserved by individual or society also the transfer of values in the future generation is done by imitation. The society or individual can conserve these values only by imitating and assimilating them. In this context, values appear as acquired assets, whose development is possible only by imitation and adoption.
4. Central Point of Society and Family
For the creation of any civil society it is very important that there are certain rules for its regulation and operation, whose compliance is compulsory for all. These social rules, as values, are adhered to by all. If they are not followed by the people living in the society, then that society becomes free, if not only the society but also the individual does not follow the rules fixed for their own self, then they also become voluntary. Hence values play a central role in the development of society, family and individual. It can be said that it plays an important role in the development of any nation, society, family and individual.
5. Absolute and Universal
Love and peace are the basic needs of life, values are helpful in achieving the desired goals of human life and they guide human actions in every sphere of life. In fact, values are at the core of all social relations and behaviour. Useful and eternal thoughts are given a rank of values that becomes a legacy for the future generations.
Constant changes, scouring and modification in the values, either they are expanded or they get mixed with other values. In the present, some values are established, but in the context of social needs and cultural change, their existence in the future becomes weak. Values are also interwoven with other functional organs in the functional continuity of the entire social system. Changes in social structure affects the values. The nature of value is dynamic, because its nature varies according to the social context, the changes takes place as such the changes in the context of the society.
7. Diversity and Uniqueness in Groups
The uniqueness of a group on a particular is evident by the values. The situation of the values varies differently among cultural groups. Each culture gives priority to different values by making social system the basis. The cultural feature is the fundamental characteristic that determines the priorities of values. But there are some universal values which are equally essential on the whole of mankind and are also universally accepted.
8. Social Harmony and Stability Dependent
The culture of any society is a complied system of values. Values are the basis of continuity, harmony and conformity of institutions and groups. The deadlock or variation in values creates chaos, collective freedom and uncertainty in society. Entire social organizations and family organizations depends on universal values. The various ideals, moral patterns and ethics of developing human being’s personality resides in the values and social heritage is stored and preserved by such values.