The three geographical factors that influence the distribution of population are:
1. Availability of water: It is the most important factor of life. People prefer to live in areas where fresh water is readily available. Water is essential in the development of agriculture and carrying out day-to-day activities.
2. Land forms: People prefer to live in flat plains and gentle slopes as they are favourable for the production of crops and in building roads and industries.
3. Climate: People prefer living in areas that do not have extreme climatic conditions that is areas that do not have a high diurnal and annual range of temperature and also which have adequate rainfall.
4. Soils: Fertile soils are important for agricultural and allied activities. Therefore, areas that have fertile loamy soils, have more people living in them as they can support intensive agriculture.