United Nations Declaration 1993, defined violence against women as “any act of gender base violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, psychological or sexual harm or suffering to a woman, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life”. This is an all inclusive definition of VAW.
The violence of her basic human rights often takes place in various ways. It may take a form of sex determination and sex selective abortion, neglect of infant and girl child in the areas of nutrition healthcare, illiteracy and drop outs, under estimation of household work, inequality and harassment at the work place, dowry and related harassments including bride burning, sexual assault, rape, religious rituals, cultural practices, misrepresentation in media and many others.
According to the National Crime Records Bureau’s facts:
- Every three minutes there is a crime against women.
- Molestation happens every 15 minutes.
- Sexual harassment every 53 minutes.
- Rape case every 29 minutes.
- 4 out of 10 women in India face violence in their homes.
- A women is killed for dowry every hour.