Humans, despite their impressive cognitive abilities and rationality, have evolved in an environment where quick judgments and pattern recognition were essential for survival. This tendency to recognize patterns, even when they might not exist, has led to the creation and propagation of superstitions. Superstitions provided ancient humans with a semblance of control over an unpredictable environment. For instance, if certain behaviours or rituals were followed before a successful hunt, they might have been considered good luck and repeated in the future. Over time, these behaviours become ingrained and are passed down through generations, even when their original rationale may have been lost.
Furthermore, humans are inherently social creatures and have a deep-seated need to belong to communities. Shared beliefs, even if they are superstitious, serve as cultural markers that strengthen social bonds. When everyone in a group believes in and adheres to the same superstitions, it creates a sense of unity and shared identity. Additionally, the psychological comfort provided by these beliefs, especially in times of uncertainty, makes them alluring. Even in modern times, when we face situations beyond our control, the human psyche often leans on superstitions as a coping mechanism, illustrating the enduring nature of such beliefs in the face of logic and reason.