The three determinants of the outcomes of the politics of social division:
- People’s perception: If people view their identities to be exclusive and superior, it becomes difficult to accommodate them.
- Role of community and culture: It depends upon how political leaders raise demands on behalf of a community. It is easier to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework and are not at the cost of another community.
- The role of political party and government: Reaction of the government to the demands of different communities also determines the outcome. If the rulers are willing to share power and accommodate the reasonable demands of a minority community, social divisions become less threatening for the country.