The essay, ‘Voice of Humanity’ begins with an informal note following the conversational style. Though a monologue, as only Tagore is addressing to his listeners, he succeeds to keep the exchange of thoughts flowing as if all the listeners were one with him “It will be in answer to the question as to …,” suggests the continuity of some prior conversation.
The essay by Tagore speaks of spirituality. Tagore mentions to his audience, the expression, ‘Jagrata devata’ which means, the Divinity that is fully awake. He speaks about pilgrims in India, the active Divine spirit and the reason of his visit to Europe being a pilgrimage for him, the pilgrimage to the shrine of humanity where human mind was fully awake and enlightened.
Since Tagore is addressing his audience, he shifts the thoughts to different time period. He takes back his listeners to the past, elaborating about his previous visits to Europe, one in the year 1878, when he was merely a teenager and another visit in 1921. Tagore has very beautifully and intricately woven his speech in these time periods, that the listener seems to have accompanied him in all those voyages while being with him in the present simultaneously.
The essay firmly speaks about the unity of thought. Throughout the speech, Tagore has kept the human mind and spirit as the focal point. He explains that the reason why he was lured towards Europe was the awake minds who were experiencing spectacular advances in the field of literature, art, science, philosophy and technology. Europe was making astounding progress in all the facts of culture and civilization.
Tagore mentions about the tempting threats of scientific and technological advancements taking place in Europe. Though he clears the air that things would get corrected eventually when these progresses are not restricted to a few but shared with the entire humanity. Hence, Tagore maintains the tone of the essay to be optimistic.
The essay also gives an autobiographical references. Apart from the trips to Europe that he had earlier made, Tagore also gives an insight to his personal life as a student. Tagore states that he was a truant and disliked studying in the confinements of the school rooms. He rather preferred being a nature lover and learning and acquiring knowledge through his exposure to Mother Nature. Though in the later years, Tagore had a change of heart and he no longer liked to be a recluse. He wished to go out to the people, walk through the crowd and enlighten himself.