Following are the factors affecting the working capital of a company:
(i) Length of Operating cycle/Production cycle: Operating cycle refers to the length of the manufacturing cycle, i.e., the periods taken to convert raw materials into finished products. A longer period means more working capital requirements and vice versa.
(ii) Credit policy/Credit allowed: If liberal credit terms are given and a liberal policy is followed, then the company would require more working capital as there is less cash inflow and vice versa.
(iii) Nature of business: A manufacturing firm requires a higher amount of working capital as compared to a trading organisation, to convert raw materials into finished goods.
(iv) Scale of operations: A large amount of working capital is required by firms operating on a large scale of operations in terms of debt, inventory, etc. as compared to the small scale firms.
(v) Seasonal factor: A higher amount of working capital is required by the organisation during its peak season as the level of activities is higher as compared to the lean season.