Three reasons which created a large number of new readers in the nineteenth century were:
1. During this period the literacy increased which increased the number of readers among the children, women and workers.
2. Primary education was made compulsory and hence the children became the important section of readers. The publishing industries started producing the school textbooks. In the year 1857, a children’s press was set up in France for publishing the literature for children only which published the new works along with the old fairy and folk tales.
3. Technique of lending libraries to educate white collar workers in Europe during the 19th century.
4. Women became the important readers as well as writers. For women readers especially there was penny magazines.