What is the difference between Disparity and Disability?

The concepts of disparity and disability are often used interchangeably. However it is essential to understand the difference between the two. Though the origin of both the terms comes from inequality, the nature of inequality and stratification is different in both the concepts.

Disparity vs Disability

The term disparity means to be different. Gender disparity for that matter is the differences between the genders which are often treated as unequals. Disability is the condition of being unable, impaired to maintain equality. Disparity is often man made but disability can be natural too.

Example

Women are physically weak and cannot do adventurous activity (which is not true) is a statement coming from gender disparity created by social systems.

But a polio patient is unable to do adventurous activity is disability coming from physical limitations.

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