There are several theories concerning the type of political administration in the Harappan civilisation:
- Some archaeologists have labelled Mohenjodaro as a palace and a stone statue was labelled as a priest-king. The city would have served as the centre of political power.
- According to some archaeologists, Harappan society had no rulers and everybody used to enjoy equal status in the society.
- Some archaeologists suggest that there was no single ruler, but a plethora of rulers ruled over the vast civilisation.
- As per some archaeologists, there were different rulers for every city like Mohenjodaro, Harappa, and so forth.
- The theory that all the different regions were under the control of different rulers seems to be most compromising as the civilisation was very large and cannot be controlled by a single authority.