The occupations of the four castes i.e. Brahamanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras were specified in ancient society:
- The general duty of the Brahamanas was to teach and study Vedas. They used to perform the sacrifices and received gifts from the King.
- The primary duty of the Kshatriyas was to engage in warfare, give justice to the common people. They used to get the sacrifices performed and make gifts to Brahamanas and other religious institutions.
- Vaishyas were generally engaged in trading activities, agriculture and worked as pastoralists.
- The occupation of the Shudras was to serve the people of the higher three varnas.