There are several theories concerning the type of political administration in the Harappan civilisation:
- Some archaeologists have labelled Mohenjodaro as a palace and a stone statue was labelled as a priest-king. The city would have served as the centre of political power.
- According to some archaeologists, Harappan society had no rulers and everybody used to enjoy equal status in the society. Some archaeologists suggest that there was no single ruler, but a plethora of rulers ruled over the vast civilisation.
- Some of the functions of the rulers would be taking important political and economic decisions of the society. Another major function would have been to oversee the construction of the prominent buildings of the Harappan civilisation like great bath, tanks, wells, canals and palaces.