Describe Any Five Major Functions of Political Parties Performed in a Democracy.

In a democracy political parties performed the following major functions:

  1. Parties contest elections: In most democracies, elections are fought mainly among the candidates put up by political parties. Parties select their candidates in different ways. In India top party leaders choose candidates for contesting elections.
  2. Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them. In a democracy, a large number of similar opinions have to be grouped together to provide a direction in which policies can be formulated by the governments. A government is expected to base its policies on the line taken by the Ruling party.
  3. Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country. Formally laws are debated and passed in the legislature. But since most of the members belong to a party, they go by the direction of the party leadership, irrespective of their person ’ opinions.
  4. Parties form and run governments. Parties recruit leaders, train them and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want.
  5. Those parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power by voicing different views and criticising government for its failure or wrong policies.
  6. Parties shape public opinion. They raise and highlight issues. Parties sometimes also launch movements for the resolution ,of problems faced by people. Often opinions in the society crystallise on the lines parties take.
  7. Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *