India is an ancient culture built on a blend of numerous beliefs and religions. It protects and nurtures the values and beliefs inherent in our composite culture. Being a secular country, religious tolerance is the reason for the national unity and integrity.
In India, there have been several social movements for improving the condition of women, minorities, children and other disadvantaged oppressed groups. However, the written laws pertaining to such changes are traceable only from the 19′” century onwards. On the other hand, the struggles for rights of human beings in Western nations have been slowly transformed into written social norms over several centuries.
The Indian Constitution provides all citizens equal social, economic and political justice. The first Human Right Commission in India was appointed in Madhya Pradesh on January 1992. Later on, Government of India made „Human Rights Conservation Act‟ in 1993.
To protect the fundamental rights of citizens, Supreme Court and High Court has issued the followings writs:
- Habeas Corpus
- Quo Warranto