What are the characteristics of Delegation?

Delegation means grant or conferment of authority by a superior to a subordinate for the accomplishment of a particular assignment.

According to Mooney delegation means conferring of specified authority by a higher to lower authority. It is devolution of authority by a person to his agent or subordinate, subject to his right of supervision and control. It implies that legally delegated authority still belongs to the delegator or the agent.

Characteristics of Delegation are:

1. Not Unlimited

Though the delegation involves the act of subordinate in independent manner the subordinate has to act within the limits prescribed by the higher authority the subordinate is not free to act arbitrarily but subject to the policy, rules and regulations framed by the delegating authority.

2. Dual Character

Delegation has a dual character. A superior delegates the authority to the subordinate but at the same time retains the authority.

3. Partial Delegation

Delegation implies partial delegation of authority. The higher authority does not delegate his entire authority to his subordinates for in case, he delegates all his authority, he cannot exercise the power to supervise and control. Therefore delegation is always partial.

4. Subject to Change

Authority once delegated is subject to change. It can be enhanced, reduced or cancelled. It depends on the time and accomplishment of task.

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