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Short Note on Environment (Protection) Act 1986

The Environment (Protection) Act 1986 defines environment as ‘water, air and land and the interrelationship which exists among and between water, air and land, and human beings, other living creatures, plants, micro- organism and property’. It defines hazardous substance as ‘any substance or preparation which, by reasons of its chemical or physiochemical properties or handling,…

Short Note on Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

The Central Government used Article 253 to enact this law and made it applicable throughout India. This Act defines air pollutant as ‘any solid, liquid or gaseous substance (including noise) present in the atmosphere in such concentration as may be or tend to be injurious to human beings or other living creatures or plants or…

Short Note on Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 was passed to prevent deforestation, which results in ecological imbalance and environmental deterioration. It prevents even the State Governments and any other authority de-reserve a forest which is already reserved. It prohibits forestland to be used for non-forest purposes, except with the prior approval of the Central Government. The Salient features…

Short Note on Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, defines water pollution, as the direct or indirect discharge of sewage, industrial effluents or any liquid, gaseous or solid substance into water which alters the physical, chemical or biological properties of water to make it harmful or injurious to public health and health of animals or…

Short Note on Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

The Wildlife Act provides the State Wildlife Advisory Boards provisions to regulate hunting and trade of wild animals, birds and their products. The State Wildlife Advisory Boards can also establish sanctuaries and national parks and judicially impose penalties for violating the Act. This Act was amended in 1982, to introduce provisions for the capture and…

Short Note on Indore – Global Model for Waste Management

Indore city is one of the big cities in India and has been named the cleanest city in India for record third time in Swachh Survekshan 2019. The city has managed to segregate 100% waste at source and successfully managed the organic waste through composting and other methods. The better implementation of cleanliness programs by…

Short Note on Fukushima Disaster

The Fukushima disaster is considered as second biggest disaster in history after Chernobyl Disaster. The Fukushima disaster occurred in March 2011 in one of the islands in Japan. The accident was rated 7 by INES scale due to high radioactive release for 5-6 days. Four nuclear reactors were damaged in the incident leading to radiation…

Short Note on Chernobyl Disaster

The Chernobyl Disaster took place in April 1986 in Ukraine formerly known to part of USSR. Chernobyl disaster is known to be the biggest disaster to have occurred in nuclear power plant. In a routine maintenance of one of the four nuclear reactors of the plant a sudden power surge caused uncontrolled chain reaction in…