India has produced a galaxy of multi-faceted personalities and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was prominent amongst them. He devoted his entire life for the betterment of entire humanity. He raised the issues of all classes and castes. Because of his ideological framework and consciousness, he made significant contribution for the politico- socio and economic development of our country. As an economist, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar tried to give solutions to major economic problems of Indian Economy. He was responsible for the economic development of our country during the crucial period of its history.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was considered as the prominent labour leader of his times. Through his labour consciousness, he strives for the upliftment of Indian working class. Dr. Ambedkar was deeply engrossed in the welfare of the labouring class. From the beginning of social work, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was associated with labour movement which he continued till his death. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s struggle for emancipation of labouring class has borne good fruits as a result of different facilities made available to the labourers. His objective & scientific approach combined with different policies including economic & political reforms led to the strengthening of Indian Labour Movement. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar adopted steady, effective and democratic constitutional methods for the upliftment of labouring class.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar contributed immensely for the welfare of labouring class in various capacities. He formed a political party called the Independent labour party in 1936 to concentrate & solve the grievances of the landless poor tenets, agricultural labourers and workers. Because of his work & concern for labour issues, he was appointed as the labour minister in the Viceroy’s Executive council from 1942 to 1946. Later on, as a chairman of Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly, he enshrined the ideals of Justice, Liberty, Equality & Fraternity to the labours and prescribed number of articles for their betterment in the Indian Constitution.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was a prominent labour leader who gave an ideal face to Indian labour movement. He argued that the problems of labour are lies in the social economy of our country. He was instrumental for initiating number of steps and enactments of labour legislations for the development of labouring class has become a central theme of India’s labour policy. The emancipatory philosophy of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is not hypothetical but it is practical & realistic. In the words of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar ‘Labour is not content with securing merely fair conditions of work, what labour wants is fair conditions of Life’.