The aims of education of Sri Aurobindo are as follows:
Sri Aurobindo was a perfectionist. He was never satisfied with pursue a more perfect method of realization of perfection of human race. It is hence that he presents his integral yoga as a solution not only of the individual needs but also of the social and political problems facing nation.
Harmony is the key to understand Sri Aurobindo’s thought everywhere. Those who complain about the difficulty in understanding his writings lack this inherent urge to harmony. On the other hand, those who seek harmony easily understand Sri Aurobindo’s works. Sri Aurobindo searches after the principle of harmony in the individual, community and humanity and aims at its realization. He seeks to achieve harmony of the individual by the growth and evolution of his different aspects such as physical, vital, mental and psychic, etc. For this he proposes a scheme of physical, vital, mental, moral, religious and spiritual education. He also seeds harmony of different individuals in a community. Compatibility and not uniformity is the law of collective harmony.
The edifice of Sri Aurobindo’s philosophy is based upon his theory of evolution. Therefore, Sri Aurobindo aims at the evolution of the individual, nation and humanity through education. Evolution involves not only growth but also transformation, not only adjustment but also a more intimate harmony.
Education, according to Sri Aurobindo, aims at man-making. Sri Aurobindo’s system of national education ultimately aims at evolution of humanity.
5. Harmony of the Individual and Collectivity
While most of the thinkers in social- political field have either laid emphasis upon the individual or the collectivity, Sri Aurobindo aims at realization of harmony between individuals and also between nations.
6. Building the Innate Powers
The central aim of education according to Sri Auropindo is, “The building of the powers of the human mind and spirit-the evoking of knowledge and will and of the power to use knowledge, character, culture that at least if not more”. The child is born with certain innate powers of the body, the vital, the mind and the spirit. The aim of the school and the teacher is to develop these powers to their perfection.
7. Cultivation of Values
The present crisis of man is due to the chaos of values. The values to be cultivated should be physical, mental on value. The supreme value in Sri Aurobindo’s thought is harmony.