6 Aims and Objectives of Education According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau considers education extremely important for the development of humanity. Teaching the child according to his needs and abilities is helpful in his development. Rousseau’s educational philosophy considers child’s physical and mental development more important than his/her intellectual development. He gives more emphasis on developing a child’s natural abilities. Education cannot be acquired in interrupted form; hence he opposes bookish knowledge and argues for achieving education in the open environment. Nature should be accepted as the prime teacher of man and child. The child should perform his responsibilities towards material world with complete devotion.

The significant and necessary objectives of education in the educational philosophy of Rousseau are as follows:

Aims and Objectives of Education

1. Attainment of Freedom

Rousseau’s naturalistic opinion asks to provide complete freedom to the child. The aim of education should be to provide opportunities for the child to develop his abilities and capabilities. Rousseau does not compel the child to live within the boundaries. His naturalist philosophy advocates complete independence of the child. Therefore, the aim of education should also be the same which is to provide opportunities and freedom to the child to learn through his own efforts and make decisions.

2. Learning from Circumstances

One of the aims of education in naturalist philosophy is to make the child and adult self-sufficient. The responsibility of education is to prepare the learner for his life. Education to adjust according to their environment can be helpful in his development. He learns from the circumstances and can make appropriate modifications in himself according to their results. Only that education can be considered appropriate which can help the child and which he can follow in his life.

3. Child-Centred Education

The child’s position is the most important in his educational philosophy. In cycle of education he places the child at the centre of the circle. He gives due importance to gain education according to the abilities and interests of child. Taking child out of the natural environment means to create a barrier in his all-round development. Rousseau considers it right to keep the child away from social values and treat him as a child and find it inappropriate to treat the child as an adult. He considers it appropriate to free the child from any restraints in his childhood. Rousseau also believes the aim of education should be to develop his wholesome personality and character.

4. Developing Innate Capabilities

Another necessary goal of education should be to develop the child according to his needs. Education should unearth and develop latent abilities of the person. A child is good by his nature with a pure mind and is able to see everyone with equal eye. He also recognizes the difference between right and wrong. The need is only to provide him with the right education, which he can achieve only by getting close to nature.

5. Holistic Development

All-round development of child and man can be achieved only by natural education. Because he is able to develop his abilities fully by staying close to nature. Rousseau has also paid utmost attention to the all-round development of the child. The right meaning of taking proper education is to achieve all-round development of oneself also the true education is one which can develop all aspects of child and adult.

6. Moral Education

Moral education helps the child to distinguish right from wrong. On the basis of moral values, he learns to help himself and others. Rousseau advises the child to stay away from society and social perspectives. He encourages him/her to get moral values-based education to fight social evils. In the all-round development of the child moral education contributes immensely along with physical and mental education.

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